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Exploring The Richness Of Vietnamese Wood Furniture: Acacia, Teak, And Eucalyptus Wood

Dive into Vietnam's most common wood in the furniture industry: acacia, teak, and eucalyptus woods. Discover their distinct characteristics and how to differentiate them by color, grain, and weight. Make informed choices for your furniture needs.

Wood Furniture in Vietnam: Acacia, Teak, and Eucalyptus

Vietnam has long been renowned for its exceptional craftsmanship in furniture manufacturing. Among the many factors that contribute to the country's success in this industry is the abundant availability of various high-quality woods. Three prominent types used by Vietnamese furniture manufacturers are acacia, teak, and eucalyptus. In this article, we will delve into the characteristics of each wood type and explore the ways to differentiate them, allowing you to make informed decisions when purchasing Vietnamese furniture. 


Acacia is a tropical hardwood with varieties that grow through the tropics and subtropical regions of the world, including Vietnam. Acacia is popular for many reasons due to its strength and appearance, which has a solid, strong look and light color. Furthermore, Acacia is renowned for its sustainable nature, thanks to its rapid growth rate, which allows for prompt replanting after harvesting. This quick growth enables the production of substantial quantities at an affordable cost, making Acacia one of the best-value wood options available. Its density rivals that of more expensive woods, making it a highly desirable and cost-effective choice for various purposes. 


  • Antimicrobial properties: Acacia wood has natural antimicrobial properties, which means that it can help to prevent the growth of bacteria and mold. This makes it a good choice for furniture that will be used in areas where hygiene is important, such as kitchens and bathrooms. 

  • Hardness: Acacia wood is a very hard wood, with a Janka hardness rating of 1,360 to 1,820 lbf. This means that it is very resistant to wear and tear, making it a good choice for furniture that will be subjected to a lot of use. 

  • Scents/Smells: Acacia wood has a cheerful and mesmerizing smell. It smells like honey and has a bright fragrance that spreads all around. The iris-like smell of acacia is very good at relieving stress or depression. 

  • Sustainability: Acacia wood is sustainable as it grows very fast. It is easy to grow acacias under several climatic conditions. Acacia's ability to grow in diverse climatic conditions prevents it from becoming extinct. It grows with high-quality wood in hot weather and rarely requires any pesticides or fertilizers. Moreover, many other species of acacia tree can grow in cold weather as well. 

  • High Density: The density factor for acacia trees varies from species to species. The average density factor of acacia is around 60 pounds per cubic meter, ensuring longevity and resistance to wear. 

  • Water and Weather Resistance: Acacia wood possesses natural water resistance, making it suitable for both indoor and outdoor furniture. This characteristic prevents the wood from warping or decaying when exposed to moisture, making it an excellent choice for outdoor applications. 


  • Color: Acacia wood typically features a rich, golden-brown hue that deepens with age. Some pieces may exhibit slight reddish or orange undertones.

  • Weight: The density of acacia wood typically ranges from 550 to 750 kg/m³ (34 to 47 lbs/ft³). Compared to teak and eucalyptus, acacia wood tends to be lighter.

  • Grain Pattern: Acacia's grain pattern is usually interlocked, giving it a distinct and visually appealing texture. The wood may also display wavy or straight grain lines, enhancing its unique charm.

  • Cost: Acacia has a moderate price tag, but it’s less expensive than teak, with plenty of quality and style.


Teakwood in Vietnam is a precious and highly valued hardwood in Vietnam’s furniture industry. Renowned for its exceptional durability, strength, and beautiful grain patterns, teak is in high demand for crafting exquisite furniture pieces. With its natural resistance to decay and pests, teakwood requires minimal maintenance, making it an ideal choice for both indoor and outdoor furniture 

The country's tropical climate fosters optimal teak cultivation, allowing Vietnam to establish itself as a prominent player in the global furniture market. The demand for teakwood in international markets has also driven Vietnam to establish regulations and certifications to ensure responsible sourcing and trade practices. 


  • Exceptional Weather/ Water Resistance: Teak wood is renowned for its exceptional weather resistance, making it a top choice for outdoor furniture. The presence of natural oils and silica in teak wood contributes to its water-resistant properties, making it resistant to rot, decay, and damage caused by prolonged exposure to water. Due to these characteristics, teak wood is often considered one of the most durable and weather-resistant types of wood available.  

  • Resistant to Warping and Cracking: Teak wood's inherent stability and resistance to moisture absorption help prevent warping, cracking, and splitting. This makes teak furniture highly reliable, especially in environments with varying humidity levels. 

  • Impressive Heat Insulation: Teak wood has excellent heat insulation properties, making it comfortable to sit on even during hot weather. This characteristic makes teak furniture a preferred choice for outdoor seating in sunny climates.  

  • Low Maintenance: Teak requires minimal maintenance, as its natural oils help keep the wood in excellent condition. Occasional cleaning and sealing can further enhance its longevity, but teak's inherent qualities make it a low-maintenance option for outdoor furniture. 

  • Unique Aroma: Freshly cut teak wood emits a distinctive and pleasant aroma, often described as a mix of leather and freshly mown grass. 

  • Sustainability: Teak trees can naturally regenerate from fallen seeds or branches and are known for their rapid growth, ensuring a sustainable supply of teak wood. 


  • Color: Teak wood exhibits a spectrum of brown hues, from light golden-brown to darker shades, creating a rich, lustrous appearance. 

  • Patina: When exposed to the elements and sunlight, teakwood gradually weathers and develops a silvery-gray patina 

  • Weight: Teak wood is moderately heavy with a density ranging from 630 to 720 kg/m³ (39 to 45 lbs/ft³). Teak wood is heavier than acacia and eucalyptus, providing a solid and substantial feel to the furniture. 

  • Grain Pattern: Teak typically displays straight, even grain lines that give furniture a refined and classic look.  

  • Cost: Grown in plantations to ensure reliable and constant supply, teak often has a higher price tag compared to other woods. However, the beauty of natural teak furniture makes it a good investment. 

3. Eucalyptus Wood 

Eucalyptus wood is gaining popularity as a sustainable and cost-effective option for furniture manufacturing. Eucalyptus wood is a fast-growing species commonly found in Vietnam that has been widely planted in the country for its various uses. Eucalyptus is often used to create budget-friendly furniture without compromising on quality and durability.  


  • Fire Resistance: Eucalyptus wood has natural fire-resistant properties, making it a safer choice for various applications. It can resist ignition and slow down the spread of flames. 

  • Environmentally Friendly Staining: Eucalyptus wood accepts stains and finishes exceptionally well, allowing for a wide range of color options and finishes. Due to its effective stain absorption, it requires fewer coats of stain or finish, reducing the need for excessive chemical treatments, making it environmentally friendly and eco-conscious. 

  • Resistance to Decay and Rot: Eucalyptus wood's natural oils and resins not only deter insects but also make it highly resistant to decay, termite, and rot. This characteristic makes it an excellent choice for outdoor furniture and structures, where exposure to moisture and humidity is common. 

  • Sustainability: Eucalyptus is highly regarded for its sustainability due to its rapid growth rate and the ability to be harvested and replanted quickly. 


  • Color: Eucalyptus wood's lighter color distinguishes it from the deeper shades of acacia and teak. Eucalyptus wood can have various color tones, but it generally features warm, light shades, with some pieces displaying reddish or pinkish undertones. 

  • Patina: Over time, eucalyptus develops a silver-gray patina similar to teak, though not as evident. 

  • Weight: The density of eucalyptus wood can vary depending on the species, but it generally falls within the range of 550 to 900 kg/m³ (34 to 56 lbs/ft³). Among acacia and teak wood, the heaviest one is teak. 

  • Grain: Eucalyptus typically displays a straight and uniform grain pattern, different from the more intricate grain patterns of acacia and teak. Also, since the wood is grown and pruned on a plantation, there tends to be few knots or other abnormal grain patterns. 

  • Cost: With a much lower price tag than acacia or teak, eucalyptus is a budget-friendly choice for your patio. 


Weather Resistance and Storage: 

Eucalyptus and teak both boast excellent weather resistance, making them ideal choices for outdoor furniture that can withstand varying climates. Acacia, though durable, may require storage in colder climates to prevent potential damage. If you frequently rearrange or store your outdoor furniture, the lighter weight of acacia may be advantageous. 

Affordability and Quality: 

While teak is often considered the pinnacle of outdoor furniture materials due to its high quality and luxurious appearance, the more budget-friendly prices of acacia and eucalyptus furniture make them attractive options for those seeking quality at a more affordable cost. 

Hardness and Durability: 

In terms of hardness, acacia and teak are similar and offer excellent performance as hardwoods in outdoor settings. While acacia is lighter in weight, it remains a robust and durable option. Teak's denser composition contributes to its renowned sturdiness and longevity.

Which Wood Type is Right for You? 

The best wood type for you will depend on your individual needs and preferences. If you are looking for a durable and weather-resistant wood for outdoor furniture, then teak wood is a good choice. If you are looking for a lighter wood that is still strong and durable, then acacia wood is a good option. And if you are looking for a wood that is both beautiful and affordable, then eucalyptus wood is a good choice. 

No matter which wood type you choose, you can be sure that you are getting a high-quality wood that will last for many years to come. 

Vietnamese furniture manufacturers are fortunate to have access to an array of quality woods, including acacia, teak, and eucalyptus, each offering unique characteristics and benefits. Each of the three hardwoods offers unique advantages, and the choice ultimately depends on individual preferences, budget considerations, and the desired aesthetic for your outdoor space. Teak remains the top choice for those seeking a premium, timeless option, while acacia and eucalyptus provide excellent alternatives that don't compromise on quality but are more budget-friendly. Whether you opt for the timeless elegance of teak, the warm charm of acacia, or the eco-conscious appeal of eucalyptus, Vietnamese furniture will undoubtedly add an exquisite touch to your living spaces.


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